A tuple in swift is a collection containing values of varying types (Int, String, Double, Float, Bool) or the same type (Bool, Bool) . A Tuple element indices are zero-based. The first element of a non-empty tuple is always t(0).
Declare and Initialize a Tuple
You declare and initialize a tuple like this:
let employee = ("James Ford", 50, 4739.32, "photo003.jpg") // Output in a playground file (.0 "James Ford", .1 50, .2 4,739.32, .3 "photo003.jpg")
Access a Tuple Values
Once you’ve declared and initialize a tuple, you access its values by decomposing it. The first set of code decompose the tuple by using the tuple’s element indices. The second set of code decompose the tuple by using unique identifiers for each value.
//Decompose the tuple, method 1 employee.0 employee.1 employee.2 employee.3 // Output in a playground file "James Ford" 50 4,739.32 "photo003.jpg" //Decompose the tuple, method 2 let (name, age, salary, photo) = employee name age salary photo //Output in a playground file "James Ford" 50 4,739.32 "photo003.jpg"
If you want to ignore a tutple value when you decompose it, use the wildcard expression (_) instead of a name.
//Decompose only the last element of the tuple let (_, _, _, empImage) = employee empImage //Output in a playground file "photo003.jpg"
Give a Tuple Values a Name
When you declare a tuple, you can give each value a name. That way you can access them by using their names. Code below shows two ways to name a tuple values, when you declare and initialize it. The last statement shows how to access the tuple’s value by name.
var book = (author: String(), title: String(), instock: Bool()) book.author = "Ann Rice" book.title = "Lasher" book.instock = true // Output in a playground file (.0 "", .1 "", .2 false) "Ann Rice" "Lasher" true var book = (author: "Ann Rice", title: "Lasher", instock: true) book.title //Output in a playground file (.0 "Ann Rice", .1 "Lasher", .2 true) "Lasher"
When to Use Tuples
Since a tuple is an ordered list of values, it can be used in place of multiple variables. For example; say you used three variables to store information about a book, you can replace them with a tuple. So, this:
var bookTitle = "Interview With The Vampire" var bookAuthor = "Ann Rice" var bookCategory = "Fiction" var bookPrice = 7.99
var bookObject = ("Interview With The Vampire", "Anne Rice", "Fiction", 7.99)
A tuple can be used as a function’s return value, in a Switch statement, when iterating an array, or a dictionary.